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Title: Good Practices of Enhancement Early Warning System for High Populated Cities : A Case Study for Jakarta Flood
Authors: Rahayu, Harkunti P.
Nasu, Seigo
Issue Date: Mar-2010
Publisher: Society for Social Management Systems
Journal Title: Society for Social Management Systems Internet Journal
Volume: 6
Issue: 1
Abstract: Frequent occurrences of natural disaster with high impacts on urban area have become raising concerns in this decade. It is not only because of geodynamic and geographical position of Indonesia that made the country highly prone to many natural hazards, but also increased number of high populated cities and number of people living in cities outnumbered those in rural area. Among those urban-centered disasters, the most frequent with severe accumulated loss is hydro-meteorological disaster. Meanwhile, obtaining a flood free city is very costly; a certain level of acceptable risk should be taken. Without comprehensive strategies that politically, socially and economically accepted by stakeholders, the existence of any disaster risk reduction countermeasures is less effective to confront risk perception and attitude of people living in high populated urban flood prone area. To cope with this disaster situation, effective flood early warning should be one of optimum solutions in saving lives and belongings of the people at risk. However, existing systems established by city governments have failed to reduce number of loss of life. This paper attempts to discuss aforementioned issues based on the work conducted in Jakarta on the improvement of existing flood warning system becoming flood early warning system (FEWS). Both hardware (structure) and software (culture) components were developed and tested using end-to-end approach and multi-level stakeholder participatory, adapted from the development of Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System (Ina-TEWS). To address underlying causes and dynamic pressures of existing vulnerability and capacity, an in-depth scientific and social judgment has been considered in problem identification and system development. The system developed was able to integrate 3 level of essential warning mechanism, i.e. monitoring and detecting potential flood; warning dissemination from Jakarta Provincial Government’s crisis center to the last miles group; and community based warning response. Not only useful for the replication purposes; the best practices, success and hindrance factors of enhancement FEWS are reciprocally used to enhance the on-going study for restructuring the assessment indicator for establishment of culture component of Ina-TEWS at those high populated tsunami prone cities.
Type: Conference Paper
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10173/1827
Appears in Collections:Vol.06

Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10173/1827

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